Fundic gland polyp

By Jason Wasserman MD PhD FRCPC
May 11, 2023

What is a fundic gland polyp?

A fundic gland polyp is a non-cancerous growth that develops from the cells lining the inside of the stomach. It is the most common type of polyp in the stomach.

Where in the stomach do fundic gland polyps start?

The stomach is divided into four parts: cardia, fundus, body, and pylorus. Most fundic gland polyps typically arise in the fundus or body of the stomach.

What are the symptoms of a fundic gland polyp?

Most fundic gland polyps do not cause any symptoms and the polyp is discovered incidentally when an examination of the stomach is performed for another reason.

What causes a fundic gland polyp?

Most fundic gland polyps are associated with medications called proton pump inhibitors. Multiple polyps may develop in people with a genetic syndrome called familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP).

How is the diagnosis of fundic gland polyp made?

The diagnosis of fundic gland polyp is usually made after part or all of the polyp is removed during a procedure called endoscopy. This procedure involves using a camera attached to a long tube to see the inside of the stomach. The tissue removed is then sent to a pathologist for examination under the microscope.

What does a fundic gland polyp look like under the microscope?

When examined under the microscope, fundic gland polyps are made up of epithelial cells connected together to form glands. A combination of cells normally found in the stomach, specifically foveolar cells, parietal cells, and chief cells, are usually found in these glands. The glands in a polyp are often described as hyperplastic because they are larger than the normal glands found in the stomach.

fundic gland polyp
Fundic gland polyp. Most of the polyp is made up of large pink cells that form large dilated glands.

What does it mean if dysplasia is seen in a fundic gland polyp?

Dysplasia is a precancerous pattern of growth that is sometimes seen in a fundic gland polyp. Polyps with dysplasia need to be removed completely because they can turn into a type of cancer called adenocarcinoma over time. Dysplasia is very rare in fundic gland polyps caused by proton pump inhibitors but is can be seen in patients with a genetic syndrome associated with multiple polyps.

A+ A A-

Did you find this article helpful?