by Jason Wasserman MD PhD FRCPC
May 9, 2022
The fallopian tubes are thin hollow structures that connect the ovaries to the uterus. During ovulation, the egg is released from the ovary and travels to the uterus through the fallopian tube.
The inside of the fallopian tube is lined by a single layer of specialized epithelial cells. These cells have small hair-like projections on one end of the cell called cilia. The cilia help push the egg down the fallopian tube after ovulation. The epithelial cells form a barrier on the inside of the fallopian tube called the epithelium. Below the epithelium is a layer of muscle. The outer surface of the fallopian tube is made up of a thin layer of loose connective tissue called serosa.