What is a microcalcification? A microcalcification is a small deposit of the mineral calcium inside tissue. Microcalcifications can be found anywhere in the body but they are most commonly found in the breast where they are associated with both non-cancerous and cancerous conditions. Imaging studies such as mammography can see microcalcifications in the breast and …
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Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA)

What is thrombotic microangiopathy? Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a group of conditions where red blood cells (RBCs) are destroyed by blood clots in small blood vessels such as capillaries and arterioles. TMA is also associated with decreased platelets and organ damage. Diseases in this group include: Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) Hemolytic …
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Megaloblastic anemia

What is megaloblastic anemia? Megaloblastic anemia is a type of anemia caused by low levels of vitamin B12 or folate in the body. Red blood cells (RBCs) which carry oxygen in your blood require vitamin B12 and folate to develop normally. Cells use vitamin B12 and folate to produce new genetic material (DNA), which is …
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Anemia of chronic disease

What is anemia of chronic disease? Anemia of chronic disease is a type of anemia that develops as a result of another long-standing medical condition that prevents the body from producing a normal amount of red blood cells (RBCs). Conditions that commonly result in anemia of chronic disease include chronic inflammatory diseases, prolonged infections (such …
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Iron deficiency anemia

What is iron-deficiency anemia? Iron deficiency anemia is a type of anemia caused by low levels of iron in the body. It is the most common cause of anemia among adults. Common causes include blood loss, pregnancy, and a diet low in iron. What do red blood cells do? Red blood cells (RBCs) are a …
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What is anemia? Anemia is a decreased amount of hemoglobin in the blood. This can be due to a decrease in the number of red blood cells (RBCs) in your blood or a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin in each RBC. Because the body uses oxygen to make energy, a person with anemia has …
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