cancer

Medullary thyroid carcinoma

This article was last reviewed by Jason Wasserman MD PhD FRCPC on March 5, 2020 Quick facts: Medullary thyroid carcinoma is a type of thyroid cancer that starts from specialized C cells normally found in the thyroid gland. Patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndrome are at high risk for developing medullary thyroid carcinoma. The …
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Melanoma in situ

This article was last reviewed on June 13, 2019 by Robyn Ndikumana MD BScN and Allison Osmond, MD FRCPC Quick facts: Melanoma in situ is an early form of non-invasive skin cancer and a type of melanoma. Unlike other types of melanoma, the cancer cells in melanoma in situ have not spread beyond the surface …
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Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma

This article was last reviewed on February 19, 2020 by Jason Wasserman, MD PhD FRCPC Quick facts: Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma is type of thyroid cancer that measures less than 1.0 cm in size. It is part of a group of thyroid cancers called papillary thyroid carcinoma. The thyroid gland The thyroid is a U-shaped gland …
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Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

This article was last reviewed on June 23, 2019 by Jason Wasserman, MD PhD FRCPC Quick facts: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a cancer that starts from the tissue at the back of the nose and throat. Another name for nasopharyngeal carcinoma is non-keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma. Most cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma are caused by a virus …
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Oral cavity: Squamous cell carcinoma

This article was last reviewed on March 13, 2020 by Jason Wasserman, MD PhD FRCPC Quick facts: Squamous cell carcinoma is a type of oral cavity cancer. The oral cavity includes the lips, tongue, gums, floor of mouth, hard palate, and inner cheeks. Smoking, chewing tobacco, and betel nut all increase the risk for developing …
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Skin: Squamous cell carcinoma

This article was last reviewed on August 9, 2019 by Allison Osmond, MD FRCPC Quick facts: Squamous cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer. It starts from the cells on the surface of the skin. Most tumours occur in older adults on sun exposed skin usually as a result of the cells in the …
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Papillary renal cell carcinoma

This article was last reviewed and updated on July 14, 2018. by Trevor A. Flood, MD FRCPC Quick facts: Papillary renal cell carcinoma is a type of kidney cancer. It is the second most common type of kidney cancer in adults. Your pathology report for papillary renal cell carcinoma will include important information such as …
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Pancreas: Ductal adenocarcinoma

This article was last reviewed on October 28, 2019 by Ipshita Kak MD FRCPC Quick facts: Ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common type of pancreatic cancer. It is an aggressive cancer that has often spread outside of the pancreas when it is first discovered. The normal pancreas The pancreas is a long, thin organ that …
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Merkel cell carcinoma

This article was last reviewed and updated on September 4, 2019 by Allison Osmond, MD FRCPC Quick facts: Merkel cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer. It starts from special cells in the skin called Merkel cells. Merkel cell carcinoma typically affects older adults and the tumour usually starts in a sun exposed area …
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Well differentiated liposarcoma

This article was last reviewed and updated on November 19, 2019. by Bibianna Purgina, MD FRCPC Quick facts: Well differentiated liposarcoma is a cancer made up of fat. It can start anywhere in the body but the most common location is the abdomen. This tumour affects adults and rarely happens in children. Normal fat The …
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