cancer

Your pathology report: Answers to frequently asked questions

What is a pathology report? A pathology report is a medical document describing the examination of tissue by a pathologist. A pathologist is a specialist medical doctor who works closely with the other doctors in your healthcare team. Can I get a copy of my pathology report? Yes, you can get a copy of your …
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Hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma

About this article: This article was created by doctors to help you read and understand your pathology report for hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma. If you have any questions about this article or your pathology report, please contact us. What is hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma? Hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma (HCCC) is a slow-growing type of head …
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Colon cancer

What is colon cancer? Colon cancer is a general term used to describe a group of malignant (cancerous) tumours that develop from cells normally found in the colon. A malignant tumour is made up of abnormal cells that have the ability to invade surrounding tissues and spread to other parts of the body. The most …
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Breast cancer

What is breast cancer? Breast cancer is a general term used to describe a group of malignant (cancerous) tumours that develop from cells normally found in the breast. A malignant tumour is made up of abnormal cells that have the ability to invade surrounding tissues and spread to other parts of the body. The most …
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Pathology dictionary for patients

What is the pathology dictionary? The pathology dictionary is a collection of patient-friendly definitions for the most common terms and phrases used by pathologists in pathology reports. These definitions describe general concepts. Visit our Diagnosis Library to learn more¬†about your diagnosis. Need help? Contact us. A B C D E F G H I J …
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Yolk sac tumour of the testis

What is a yolk-sac tumour? Yolk-sac tumour is a type of cancer. In males, the tumour often starts in the testicle where it is part of a group of cancers known as germ-cell tumours. Yolk-sac tumour is the most common type of testicular tumour in young children and it typically responds well to chemotherapy. Germ …
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Malignant neoplasm

What is a malignant neoplasm? Malignant neoplasm is a medical term used to describe a cancerous type of tumour. It is a descriptive term that includes many different types of cancerous tumours. Malignant neoplasms can start anywhere in the body and the specific type of tumour depends on the kind of cells found inside the …
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Isolated tumour cells (ITCs)

What are isolated tumour cells? Pathologists use the term isolated tumours cells (ITCs) to describe a small group of tumour cells found in a lymph node. To meet this definition, the group of tumour cells usually has to be less than 200 total cells or smaller than 0.2 mm. The cells have usually spread to …
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Sentinel lymph node

What is a sentinel lymph node? Lymph nodes are small immune organs located throughout the body. Cancerous tumour cells that escape a tumour often travel to lymph nodes before spreading to other parts of the body. A sentinel lymph node is defined as one of the first lymph nodes a tumour cell will travel to …
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Lynch syndrome

What is Lynch syndrome? Lynch syndrome is an inherited condition associated with an increased risk for developing several different types of cancer. It is caused by a genetic change that leads to the loss of a specialized chemical called a mismatch repair protein. Another name for this syndrome is hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). The …
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