cancer

Hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma

About this article: This article was created by doctors to help you read and understand your pathology report for hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma. If you have any questions about this article or your pathology report, please contact us. What is hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma? Hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma (HCCC) is a slow-growing type of head …
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Colon cancer

What is colon cancer? Colon cancer is a general term used to describe a group of malignant (cancerous) tumours that develop from cells normally found in the colon. A malignant tumour is made up of abnormal cells that have the ability to invade surrounding tissues and spread to other parts of the body. The most …
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Breast cancer

What is breast cancer? Breast cancer is a general term used to describe a group of malignant (cancerous) tumours that develop from cells normally found in the breast. A malignant tumour is made up of abnormal cells that have the ability to invade surrounding tissues and spread to other parts of the body. The most …
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Pathology dictionary for patients

Our patient-friendly pathology dictionary provides definitions for the most common terms and phrases used by pathologists in pathology reports. These definitions describe general concepts. Go here if you would like more information about your diagnosis. Contact us if you have a question about any of the definitions in the dictionary. A B C D E …
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Your pathology report: Answers to frequently asked questions

This article was created by doctors to provide answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about pathology reports. For more information about your pathology report, search for your diagnosis or browse our pathology dictionary. Contact us if there is a question you would like to see answered on this page. What is a …
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Yolk sac tumour of the testis

What is a yolk-sac tumour? Yolk-sac tumour is a type of cancer. In males, the tumour often starts in the testicle where it is part of a group of cancers known as germ-cell tumours. Yolk-sac tumour is the most common type of testicular tumour in young children and it typically responds well to chemotherapy. Germ …
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Embryonal carcinoma of the testis

What is embryonal carcinoma? Embryonal carcinoma is a type of cancer. In males, the tumour often starts in the testicle where it is part of a group of cancers known as germ-cell tumours. Embryonal carcinoma is an aggressive type of germ-cell tumour that frequently spreads to other parts of the body. The name ‘embryonal carcinoma’ …
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Malignant neoplasm

What is a malignant neoplasm? Malignant neoplasm is a medical term used to describe a cancerous type of tumour. It is a descriptive term that includes many different types of cancerous tumours. Malignant neoplasms can start anywhere in the body and the specific type of tumour depends on the kind of cells found inside the …
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Isolated tumour cells (ITCs)

What are isolated tumour cells? Pathologists use the term isolated tumours cells (ITCs) to describe a small group of tumour cells found in a lymph node. To meet this definition, the group of tumour cells usually has to be less than 200 total cells or smaller than 0.2 mm. The cells have usually spread to …
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Sentinel lymph node

What is a sentinel lymph node? Lymph nodes are small immune organs located throughout the body. Cancerous tumour cells that escape a tumour often travel to lymph nodes before spreading to other parts of the body. A sentinel lymph node is defined as one of the first lymph nodes a tumour cell will travel to …
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