gastritis

ECL (enterochromaffin-like) cell hyperplasia

ECL cell hyperplasia refers to an increase in the number of enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells within the stomach lining. ECL cells are neuroendocrine cells that play an important role in the regulation of acid production in the stomach. Where are ECL (enterochromaffin-like) cells normally found, and what do they do? ECL cells are normally found in …
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Atrophic gastritis

Atrophic gastritis is a medical condition where inflammation causes the lining of the stomach to become thin and damaged over time. This thinning primarily affects the glands that produce stomach acid and digestive enzymes, reducing stomach function. This condition is significant because it can interfere with food digestion and nutrient absorption and may increase the …
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Chronic active gastritis

What is chronic active gastritis? Chronic active gastritis is a condition where inflammation damages the tissue that covers the inside of the stomach. The damage¬†prevents the stomach from functioning normally. The term “chronic” means that the inflammation has been present in the stomach for a long time. The term “active” means that immune cells called …
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Helicobacter gastritis

What is Helicobacter gastritis? Helicobacter gastritis is an infection in the stomach by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori. It is the most common cause of gastritis in many parts of the world. What are the symptoms of Helicobacter gastritis? Common symptoms of Helicobacter gastritis include nausea, vomiting, bloating, and abdominal pain. The pain may be worse …
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Erosive gastritis

What is erosive gastritis? Erosive gastritis is a type of injury inside the stomach. It results in a loss of specialized epithelial cells that normally form a barrier on the inside surface of the stomach. What are the symptoms of erosive gastritis? Symptoms of erosive gastritis include abdominal pain, bloating, decreased appetite, and black stools. …
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H. pylori

What does H. pylori mean in a pathology report? H. pylori stands for Helicobacter pylori and it is a type of bacteria that infects the stomach. It is a common bacteria that may be found throughout the world. Most people who are infected with Helicobacter will not experience any symptoms. However, in some people, the …
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Helicobacter pylori

What is Helicobacter pylori? Helicobacter pylori is a type of bacteria that infects the stomach. It is a common bacteria that may be found throughout the world. Some pathology reports will refer to Helicobacter as HP or H. pylori. Most people who are infected with Helicobacter will not experience any symptoms. However, in some people, …
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Chronic inactive gastritis

What is chronic inactive gastritis? Chronic inactive gastritis means inflammation of the lining on the inside of the stomach. The inflammation prevents the stomach from functioning normally by damaging the specialized foveolar cells that cover the inside surface of the stomach. What is the difference between active and inactive chronic gastritis? Pathologists divide chronic gastritis …
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Reactive gastropathy

Reactive gastropathy is a condition that develops when substances such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), alcohol, or bile damage the cells that cover the inside of the stomach. Another name for this condition is chemical gastropathy. What causes reactive gastropathy? The inside of the stomach is covered by specialized foveolar cells which produce a substance …
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Chronic gastritis

What does chronic gastritis mean? Chronic gastritis means inflammation of the lining on the inside of the stomach. The inflammation prevents the stomach from functioning normally by damaging the specialized foveolar cells that cover the inside surface of the stomach. What are the symptoms of chronic gastritis? The most common symptoms of chronic gastritis are …
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