human papillomavirus

Pap test

A Pap test, also known as a Pap smear, is a screening procedure used to detect precancerous and cancerous conditions in the cervix and anal canal. The test involves collecting a sample of cells from the cervix or anal canal. The cells are then examined under a microscope by a pathologist with the results provided …
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HPV-associated oral epithelial dysplasia

What is HPV-associated oral epithelial dysplasia? HPV-associated oral epithelial dysplasia is a precancerous condition involving the tissue that covers the inside of the oral cavity. The oral cavity includes the lips, tongue, floor of mouth, gingiva (gums), buccal mucosa (inner cheeks), and hard palate. If left untreated, HPV-associated oral epithelial dysplasia can turn into a …
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Adenocarcinoma of the cervix

Adenocarcinoma is a type of cervical cancer. It develops from columnar cells normally found on the surface of the endocervix. Most tumours start from a non-invasive type of cancer called endocervical adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS). What are the symptoms of adenocarcinoma of the cervix? The most common symptom of adenocarcinoma of the cervix is abnormal …
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Condyloma acuminatum

What is condyloma acuminatum? Condyloma acuminatum is a non-cancerous growth caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Another name for this condition is a genital wart. Can condyloma acuminatum turn into cancer? No. Condyloma acuminatum is a non-cancerous condition that will not turn into cancer over time. However, this condition can recur (regrow) in the same location …
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HPV-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the penis

What is HPV-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the penis? HPV-associated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a type of cancer that starts from the cells on the surface of the penis. It is a sexually transmitted disease. What causes HPV-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the penis? As its name suggests, HPV-associated SCC is caused by a …
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HPV-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx

What is HPV-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx? HPV-associated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a type of oropharyngeal cancer. The oropharynx is an area of the throat that includes the tonsils, base of the tongue, uvula, and soft palate. This type of cancer quickly spreads to lymph nodes especially those in the neck. For …
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Koilocytes

Koilocytes are abnormal squamous cells that have been infected by human papillomavirus (HPV). They are commonly seen in conditions caused by HPV including low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) and high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL). Koilocytes are often observed in tissues, such as the cervix, vagina, penis, anus, and oral cavity, where HPV infections can …
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Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion of the vulva

Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) of the vulva is an abnormal growth caused by infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). The abnormal growth seen in LSIL is an example of dysplasia. In addition to the vulva, LSIL can also affect the vagina and cervix. In both women and men, LSIL may also involve the anal …
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Squamous papilloma

What is a squamous papilloma? Squamous papilloma is a non-cancerous growth made up of specialized squamous cells that connect together to form finger-like projections called papilla. This type of growth can start in any location where squamous cells are normally found such as the skin, mouth, tonsils, larynx, esophagus, and eyelids. What causes a squamous …
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Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is a pre-cancerous disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). It is composed of abnormal squamous cells that have been infected and transformed by the virus. The squamous cells are found in a part of the cervix called the transformation zone. CIN is called a pre-cancerous disease because over time it can …
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