liver

Bile ducts

What are bile ducts? The bile ducts are a group of tubes that connect the liver, and gallbladder to the intestine. They allow bile and other materials produced by the liver to travel into the intestine, where they help with digestion or are removed from the body as stool. The system of bile ducts is …
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Liver

What is the liver? The liver is an organ found in the right upper part of your abdominal cavity. It is responsible for removing toxins, processing medications, and producing substances such as bile that are essential for breaking down and using food. The liver contains multiple types of cells which make up its structure and …
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Cholestasis

What does cholestasis mean? Cholestasis is a word pathologists use to describe bile trapped in the liver. Trapped bile is important because it can cause liver injury. Cholestasis is commonly seen in a variety of liver diseases such as cirrhosis, autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), and hepatocellular carcinoma.

von Meyenburg complex

What is a von Meyenburg complex? A von Meyenburg complex is a type of non-cancerous liver tumour called a hamartoma. For this reason, another name for a von Meyenburg complex is a bile duct hamartoma. Pathologists often describe a von Meyenburg complex as a malformation to differentiate it from other kinds of tumours. von Meyenburg …
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Bile duct hamartoma

What is a bile duct hamartoma? A bile duct hamartoma is a non-cancerous liver tumour made up of disorganized bile ducts.  The cells in a hamartoma are disorganized and have no function. Another name for this tumour is a von Meyenburg complex. Bile duct hamartoma is a common type of liver tumour seen in approximately …
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Steatohepatitis

What is steatohepatitis? Steatohepatitis is a type of fatty liver disease. It is associated with inflammation and the build up of fat inside specialized liver cells called hepatocytes. What are the types of steatohepatitis? There are two major types of steatohepatitis: non-alcoholic and alcoholic. Alcoholic steatohepatitis occurs due to alcohol use. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis can be …
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Steatosis

What is steatosis? Steatosis is a non-cancerous type of liver disease and part of a category of diseases called fatty liver disease. In all types of fatty liver disease, fat droplets are found inside the hepatocytes. What causes steatosis? The causes of fatty liver disease include alcohol use, central obesity, diabetes, certain medications, diet, and …
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)

What is hepatocellular carcinoma? Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a type of liver cancer and the most common type of liver cancer in adults. Hepatocellular carcinoma starts from specialized cells called hepatocytes in the liver. People with cirrhosis or long-standing hepatitis B or C infections are at high risk for developing hepatocellular carcinoma. What are the …
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Autoimmune hepatitis

What is autoimmune hepatitis? Autoimmune hepatitis is a type of autoimmune liver disease. It is caused by immune cells attacking and damaging the specialized hepatocytes in the liver. It occurs in all ages and is seen in women three to four times more often than in men. What are the symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis? The …
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Cirrhosis

What is cirrhosis? Cirrhosis is a type of medical liver disease caused by scar formation in the liver. This type of scar tissue that develops in the liver is called fibrosis. Fibrosis is caused by damage that occurs in the liver over a long period of time. What are the symptoms of cirrhosis? People with cirrhosis …
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