Condyloma acuminatum - Vulva -

This article will help you read and understand your pathology report for condyloma acuminatum of the vulva.

by Emily Goebel, MD FRCPC, reviewed on October 31, 2018

Quick facts:
  • Condyloma acuminatum is a non-cancerous condition that develops on the vulva.
  • It is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV).
  • Another name for this condition is a genital wart.
The anatomy of the vulva

The vulva is the external part of the female genital tract.  It forms the opening of the vagina and includes the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora and clitoris. The vulva is made of skin. The surface of the skin is called the epidermis and is mostly made up of squamous cells. The tissue beneath the epidermis is called the dermis, it contains blood vessels and connective tissue.

skin normal no adenexa

What is condyloma acuminatum?

Condyloma acuminatum is a common, non-cancerous condition that is sexually transmitted. This condition develops in the vulva when the squamous cells become infected with a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). This condition is also known as a genital wart.

The HPV virus associated with condyloma acuminatum is a low risk type of HPV.  The infected cells are much larger than normal squamous cells and pathologists call them koilocytes.

Condyloma acuminatum is not associated with an increased risk for cancer.

How do pathologists make this diagnosis?

This diagnosis is usually made after a small sample of tissue is removed in a procedure called a biopsy. The tumour can grow back after surgery and there can be more than one, so multiple surgical procedures may be required.

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