Ilabhulali yokuxilongwa



Uyini umtapo wokuxilongwa?

Umtapo wolwazi wokuxilonga iqoqo lezindatshana ezibhalwe odokotela bezifo ukuze bakusize uqonde ukuxilongwa kwakho kanye nombiko we-pathology. Izindatshana ezisemtatsheni wezincwadi zihlelwa ngokwendawo yomzimba. Udinga usizo lokuthola isihloko? Xhumana nathi.

Ukuze uqale, sicela ukhethe indawo yomzimba ohlwini olungezansi.

I-Adrenal gland

isithasiselo

Umsele wendunu kanye nendunu

Isinye, i-ureters, ne-urethra

Isisu

bone

Ubuchopho nesimiso sezinzwa

wesibeletho

Ikholoni kanye ne-rectum

I-Esophagus

I-Gallbladder

Izinso

I-Larynx (izintambo zezwi, i-vallecula, ne-commissure)

Isibindi ne-bile ducts

Amaphaphu kanye ne-pleura

Ama-lymph nodes, umnkantsha, negazi

Umlomo womlomo (ulimi, izindebe, phansi komlomo, ulwanga oluqinile, i-gingiva, i-buccal mucosa, i-mandible, ne-maxilla)

I-Oropharynx (amathoni, ulwanga oluthambile, nesisekelo solimi)

Ama-ovari namashubhu e-fallopian

Umgodi wamakhala kanye nezono (ama-maxillary, ethmoid, frontal, kanye ne-sphenoid sinuses)

I-Nasopharynx

I-Pancreas

I-Parathyroid gland

Umthondo kanye nescrotum

Indlala yendlala

Izindlala zamathe (parotid, submandibular glands, nezindlala ezincane zamathe)

Skin

Isisu

Amathumbu amancane (i-duodenum, i-jejunum, ileum)

Izicubu ezithambile (imisipha, amafutha, izicubu ezixhumeneyo)

Indlala yegilo

Amasende (ama-gonads wesilisa)

Isibeletho kanye ne-endometrium

I-Vagina

I-Vulva

 

*

I-Adrenal gland

I-adrenocortical adenoma

I-Adrenocortical carcinoma

I-Myelolipoma

I-Pheochromocytoma

 

*

isithasiselo

I-appendicitis eyingozi

I-appendiceal mucinous neoplasm yezinga eliphansi (LAMN)

Isimila se-neuroendocrine esihluke kahle (NET)

 

*

Umsele wendunu kanye nendunu

I-Condyloma acuminatum

I-high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL)

I-squamous cell carcinoma

 

*

Isinye, i-ureters, ne-urethra

I-papillary urothelial carcinoma yezinga eliphezulu

I-papillary urothelial carcinoma yezinga eliphansi

I-Polypoid cystitis

I-urothelial carcinoma

Urothelial carcinoma in situ (CIS)

*

Ubuchopho nesimiso sezinzwa

I-Astrocytoma, i-IDH-mutant, i-CNS WHO ibanga lesi-2

I-Astrocytoma, i-IDH-mutant, i-CNS WHO ibanga lesi-3

I-Astrocytoma, i-IDH-mutant, i-CNS WHO ibanga lesi-4

I-Glioblastoma, i-IDH-wildtype

I-Meningioma

I-Oligodendroglioma

 

*

Isisu

I-atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH)

I-Benign phyllodes tumor

Ukushintsha kwekholomu yeseli (CCC)

I-columnar cell hyperplasia (CCH)

I-Complex sclerosing lesion

I-Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)

I-Fibroadenoma

Ushintsho lwe-Fibrocystic

I-Flat epithelial atypia (FEA)

I-Granular cell tumor

I-invasive ductal carcinoma

I-ductal carcinoma ehlaselayo enezici ze-apocrine

I-lobular carcinoma ehlaselayo

Invasive mucinous carcinoma

I-Intraductal papilloma

I-Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)

Ukulimala kwe-papillary

I-Phyllodes tumor

I-pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH)

Isibazi se-radial

I-adenosis ye-sclerosing

Secretory carcinoma webele

Usual ductal hyperplasia (UDH)

 

*

bone

I-Ameloblastoma

I-central atypical cartilaginous tumor

I-Chondroblastic osteosarcoma

I-Chordoma

I-Chondrosarcoma

I-chondrosarcoma evamile

I-chondrosarcoma ehlukile

I-Enchondroma

I-sarcoma

ukwa

Isimila esikhulu sethambo

AI-Osteoblastoma

I-Osteochondrosis

I-osteoma ye-osteoid

I-osteosarcoma

I-Plasma cell neoplasm

I-Plasmacytoma

I-Thrombotic microangiopathy

 

*

wesibeletho

I-Adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS)

Amaseli we-squamous atypical, awakwazi ukukhipha i-HSIL

Amaseli e-squamous atypical wokubaluleka okunganqunyiwe

Amaseli e-atypical glandular, angacaciswanga ngenye indlela

Amaseli we-atypical glandular, athanda i-neoplastic

I-Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)

I-Condyloma acuminatum

I-Endocervical polyp

I-endocervical adenocarcinoma

I-high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL)

I-low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL)

I-Negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM)

I-squamous cell carcinoma

 

*

Ikholoni kanye ne-rectum

I-Adenocarcinoma

I-colitis engapheli

I-colitis esebenzayo engapheli

I-Collagenous colitis

Isimila se-Gastrointestinal stromal (GIST)

I-Hyperplastic polyp

I-polyp evuthayo

I-adenocarcinoma engavamile

I-Lymphocytic colitis

I-Microscopic colitis

I-adenocarcinoma ye-mucinous

I-Neuroendocrine carcinoma

Ukuhlukaniswa kabi kwe-neuroendocrine carcinoma

I-Sessile serrated adenoma

Isilonda se-Sessile serrated

I-polyp ye-Sessile serrated

I-adenoma ye-tubular

I-adenoma ye-tubulovil

I-adenoma eyingozi

I-tumor ye-neuroendocrine ehlukaniswa kahle

 

*

I-Esophagus

I-Adenocarcinoma

Isisu sikaBarrett

I-Eosinophilic esophagitis

I-Intramucosal adenocarcinoma

I-Reflux esophagitis

I-squamous cell carcinomaA

I-squamous papilloma

 

*

I-Gallbladder

I-cholecystitis engapheli

 

*

Izinso

I-Angiomyolipoma (AML)

I-Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma

Sula i-cell renal cell carcinoma

I-Diabetesic nephropathy (isifo sikashukela i-glomerulosclerosis)

I-Oncocytoma yezinso

I-Papillary renal cell carcinoma

I-TFE3-ehlelwe kabusha ye-renal cell carcinoma

Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma

 

*

Larynx

I-Keratinizing squamous dysplasia

I-Granular cell tumor

I-squamous cell carcinoma

I-squamous carcinoma in situ (CIS)

I-squamous dysplasia

I-Vocal cod nodule

I-polyp yentambo yezwi

 

*

Isibindi ne-bile ducts

I-hepatitis ezenzakalelayo

I-bile duct hamartoma

I-cirrhosis

I-hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)

I-intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

I-primary biliary cholangitis (PBC)

I-Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)

I-Steatosis

I-Steatohepatitis

von Meyenburg complex

 

*

Amaphaphu kanye ne-pleura

Ukulimala kwamaphaphu acute

I-Adenocarcinoma

I-Adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS)

I-atypical carcinoid tumor

I-Carcinoid tumorlet

Covid-19

Sabalalisa ukulimala kwe-alveolar (DAD)

I-NUT carcinoma

Mesothelioma

I-adenocarcinoma ehlasela kancane (MIA)

Ukuhlela inyumoniya

I-pneumonia

I-cell carcinoma encane

I-squamous cell carcinomaA

Isimila esijwayelekile se-carcinoid

I-pneumonia ye-interstitial evamile

Mesothelioma

 

*

Ama-lymph nodes, umnkantsha, negazi

I-Burkitt lymphoma

Sabalalisa i-B-cell lymphoma enkulu

I-lymphoma elandelayoA

IHodgkin lymphoma

I-Mantle cell lymphoma

I-non-Hodgkin lymphomaA

I-Plasma cell neoplasm

I-Plasmacytoma

I-lymphocytic lymphoma encane

I-anemia yezifo ezingapheli

I-leukemia engapheli ye-lymphocytic

I-hemolytic anemia

I-anemia yokuntuleka kwe-iron

I-anemia ye-megaloblastic

I-Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)

I-Thrombotic microangiopathy

 

*

Umgodi wamakhala kanye nezono ze-paranasal

I-rhinosinusitis engapheli

Amathumbu ohlobo lwe-sinonasal adenocarcinoma

I-melanoma ye-mucosal

I-Sinonasal keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma (KSCC)

I-Sinonasal non-keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma (NKSCC)

I-non-intestinal adenocarcinoma engeyona yamathumbu

I-NUT carcinoma

I-neuroblastoma ene-olfactory

I-Schneidrian papilloma

I-polyp yokuvuvukala ye-Sinonasal

I-papilloma ye-Sinonasal

I-Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC)

 

*

I-Nasopharynx

I-Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

 

*

Umgodi womlomo

I-Keratinizing squamous dysplasia

I-Fibroma

I-Granular cell tumor

I-hemangioma ye-capillary ye-lobular

I-melanoma ye-mucosal

I-Oral epithelial dysplasia

I-Pyogenic granuloma

I-squamous cell carcinoma

I-squamous carcinoma in situ (CIS)

I-squamous dysplasia

I-squamous papilloma

I-Verruca vulgaris

 

*

I-Oropharynx

I-squamous cell carcinoma ehlobene ne-HPV

I-squamous cell carcinoma engeyona keratinizing

I-squamous cell carcinoma

I-squamous papilloma

 

*

Ama-ovari namashubhu e-fallopian

I-Atrophy

I-Benign Brenner tumor

I-Cellular fibroma

Sula i-cell carcinoma

I-Corpus luteum cyst

I-Cortical inclusion cyst

I-cystic follicle

I-Endometrioid carcinoma

Isimila somngcele we-Endometrioid

endometriosis

I-Follicle cyst

I-Granulosa cell tumor, uhlobo lwabantu abadala

I-teratoma engavuthiwe

I-cystic teratoma ekhulile

I-Mitotically active cell fibroma

Isimila somngcele we-mucinous

I-mucinous carcinoma

I-cystadenoma ye-mucinous

I-cystadenofibroma ye-mucinous

I-ovarian fibroma

Ukunamathela kwe-Periovarian

Isimila esisemngceleni we-serous

Isimila se-Sex cord-stromal

I-serous carcinoma yezinga eliphezulu

I-serous carcinoma yezinga eliphansi

I-cystadenoma ye-serous

I-Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC).

 

*

I-Pancreas

I-Ductal adenocarcinoma

I-mucinous cystic neoplasmA

Isimila se-neuroendocrine esihluke kahle

 

*

I-Parathyroid gland

I-parathyroid gland ekhulisiwe kanye ne-hypercellular

I-adenoma ye-Parathyroid

 

*

Umthondo kanye nescrotum

I-Condyloma acuminatum

I-squamous cell carcinoma yomthondo ehambisana ne-HPV

I-Penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PeIN)

I-non-HPV squamous cell carcinoma yomthondo

 

*

Indlala yendlala

I-Adenocarcinoma ye-prostate

I-Benign Prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

I-prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia yebanga eliphezulu (i-PIN)

 

*

Izindlala zamathe

I-Acinic cell carcinoma

I-Adenoid cystic carcinoma

I-basal cell adenoma

I-Hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma (HCCC)

I-mucoepidermoid carcinoma

I-Oncocytoma

I-Pleomorphic adenomaA

I-Salivary duct carcinoma

I-Warthin tumor

 

*

Skin

I-Actinic keratosis

I-Basal cell carcinoma

I-Basosquamous carcinoma

I-Bullous pemphigoid

I-nevus ehlanganisiwe

I-Congenital nevus

I-lupus erythematosus yesikhumba

I-Cylindroma

I-Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP)

I-dermal nevus

I-Dermatofibroma

I-Dysplastic nevus

I-Epidermoid cyst

I-fibrous histiocytoma

I-Granular cell tumor

IHemangioma

I-Hidradenoma

I-Junctional nevus

Isibazi se-Keloid

I-Lentigo maligna

Ukungena kwe-basal cell carcinoma

I-melanoma ehlaselayo

I-Melanoma endaweni

I-Merkel cell carcinoma

I-Micronodular basal cell carcinoma

I-nodular basal cell carcinoma

I-Plasmacytoma

I-basal cell carcinoma ene-pigmented

I-Pilar cyst

I-Poroma

I-sclerosing basal cell carcinoma

I-Seborrheic keratosis

I-Sebaceous carcinoma

I-Spiradenoma

I-spongiotic dermatitis

I-Spitz nevus

I-squamous cell carcinomaA

I-squamous cell carcinoma in situ

I-Superficial basal cell carcinoma

Syringoma

I-cyst Trichilemmal

I-Verruca vulgaris

I-Xanthelasma

 

*

Amathumbu amancane

Isifo se-Celiac

Isimila se-Gastrointestinal stromal (GIST)A

I-Peptic duodenitis

 

*

Isisu

I-Adenocarcinoma

I-Chemical gastropathy

I-gastritis engapheli

I-gastritis esebenzayo engapheli

I-gastritis engasebenzi engapheli

I-Erosive gastritis

Isimila se-Gastrointestinal stromal (GIST)

I-Helicobacter gastritis

I-Hyperplastic polypA

I-polyp evuthayo

I-gastropathy esebenzayo

I-tumor ye-neuroendocrine ehluke kahle yesisu

I-Xanthoma

 

*

Izicubu ezithambile

I-Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma

I-Angiolipoma

I-Angiosarcoma

I-atypical lipomatous tumor

I-fibromatosis ejulile

I-liposarcoma ehlukanisiwe

I-Desmoid tumor

I-Embryonic rhabdomyosarcoma

Umndeni we-Ewing of tumors

I-Fibromatosis

I-Ganglion cyst

I-giant cell tumor of tendon sheath

I-Granular cell tumor

I-lipoma ye-intramuscular

I-Kaposi sarcoma

Leii-omyosarcoma

I-Neurofibroma

I-nodular fasciitis

I-Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST)

I-myxoid liposarcoma

I-Palmar fibromatosis

I-Plantar fibromatosis

I-Pleomorphic lipoma

I-Rhabdomyosarcoma

I-Schwannoma

Isimila se-fibrous sodwa

I-Spindle cell lipoma

I-Superficial fibromatosis

I-Synovial sarcoma

I-pleomorphic sarcoma engahlukanisiwe

I-liposarcoma ehlukaniswe kahle

 

*

testis

I-embryonal carcinoma

I-mixed germ cell tumor

Seminoma

I-spermatocele

Isimila se-yolk-sac

 

*

Indlala yegilo

I-Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma

I-Benign follicular nodule

Ukusabalalisa i-papillary hyperplasia

I-angioinvasive follicular thyroid carcinoma ehlanganisiwe

I-Angioinvasive Hurthle cell carcinoma ehlanganisiwe

I-angioinvasive oncocytic carcinoma ehlanganisiwe

I-Follicular adenoma

I-follicular neoplasm

I-Hurthle cell adenoma

Hurthle cell carcinoma

I-invasive encapsulated follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma

I-Medullary thyroid carcinoma

I-follicular variant variant papillary thyroid carcinoma ehlaseleka kancane

I-follicular thyroid carcinoma engavamile kakhulu

I-Hurthle cell carcinoma ehlasela kancane

I-oncocytic carcinoma ehlasela kancane

Isifo se-nodular follicular

I-nodular thyroid hyperplasia

I-Papillary thyroid carcinoma

Ukuhlukaniswa kabi kwe-thyroid carcinoma

I-non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm enezici zenuzi ezifana ne-papillary (NIFTP)

I-oncocytic adenoma

I-papillary thyroid microcarcinoma

Kusolisa i-follicular neoplasm

I-follicular thyroid carcinoma ehlasela kakhulu

I-Hurthle cell carcinoma ehlasela kakhulu

I-oncocytic carcinoma ehlasela kakhulu

 

*

Isibeletho kanye ne-endometrium

I-endometrium ye-atrophic

I-hyperplasia ye-endometrial engavamile

I-Carcinosarcoma

I-leiomyoma yeselula

I-endometrium ekhulayo ekhubazekile

I-Endometrial polyp

I-Endometrial clear cell carcinoma

I-Endometrial hyperplasia ngaphandle kwe-atypia

I-Endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma

I-Endometrioid intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN)

I-Endometrial serous carcinoma

I-Fibroid

I-Leiomyoma

I-Leiomyosarcoma

I-leiomyoma esebenzayo

I-endometrium ekhulayo

I-endometrium eyimfihlo

I-serous carcinoma yesibeletho

 

*

I-Vagina

I-Condyloma acuminatum

I-high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL)

I-low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL)

I-squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)

 

*

I-Vulva

I-Condyloma acuminatum

I-vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia ehlukile (dVIN)

I-high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL)

Isifo se-Extramammary Paget

I-lichen sclerosus

I-low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL)

I-squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)

A+ A A-