Cells in the body divide in order to create new cells. This process is called mitosis. In order to produce two new healthy daughter cells, the parent cell must create a second copy of its genetic material, also known as DNA. When the parent cell divides, each daughter cell gets one complete copy. Atypical mitosis is a term pathologists use to describe a dividing cell that has created an abnormal amount of genetic material and is unequally dividing the genetic material between the daughter cells. Atypical mitoses are commonly seen in cancers; they are rarely seen in other conditions, such as tissue that has been exposed to radiation. Another name for atypical mitosis is atypical mitotic figure.