July 25, 2023

What does DIF stand for in a pathology report?

DIF stands for direct immunofluorescence. DIF is a test that pathologists perform to look for specific proteins in a tissue sample. Unlike most tissue samples, which are examined using normal light, DIF tissue samples are examined using fluorescent light. This makes it easier for your pathologist to see any abnormal proteins in the sample. DIF is commonly used to look for abnormal proteins in skin and kidney biopsies.

Direct immunofluorescence (DIF). This picture shows an example of direct immunofluorescence for a protein called IgG in the kidney. The proteins appear bright green.
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