The word gross is used in pathology reports to describe the way tissue looks when examined without the help of a microscope. Every pathology report includes a section called the gross description. The purpose of this section is to describe the way the tissue looks including the size, colour, and texture of the tissue. If an entire organ has been removed, the type of organ will be described.
The gross description will also include information about any abnormal areas of tissue seen. The size and colour of the abnormal area will be described along with the distance between the abnormal tissue and the cut edge of the tissue. This area of the tissue is called the margin.