amyloid

Plasmacytoma

What is a plasmacytoma? A plasmacytoma is a tumour made up of specialized immune cells called plasma cells. Normal plasma cells make different types of proteins called immunoglobulins (antibodies) that help protect the body from micro-organisms such as viruses. In contrast, all of the plasma cells in a plasma cell neoplasm make the same type …
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Medullary thyroid carcinoma

What is medullary thyroid carcinoma? Medullary thyroid carcinoma is a type of thyroid cancer that starts from specialized C-cells normally found in the thyroid gland. Like normal C-cells, the abnormal C-cells in medullary thyroid carcinoma make a hormone called calcitonin. The increased production of calcitonin by the tumour can cause some patients to have low …
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