cytology

Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB)

What is a fine needle aspiration biopsy? A fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is a medical procedure that uses a thin needle and suction to remove a small amount of tissue or fluid from an abnormal area of the body. Doctors commonly perform this procedure on abnormal areas of tissue in the thyroid gland, salivary …
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Transformation zone

What is the transformation zone? The transformation zone is a part of the cervix where the squamous cells that make up the ectocervix meet the glandular cells that make up the endocervix. Is the transformation zone normal? Yes. The transformation zone is a normal part of the cervix. Why is the transformation zone important? The …
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Negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM)

What does the term negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) mean? Negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) means that no pre-cancerous or cancerous cells were seen in your Pap smear. It is a normal result. How do pathologists make this diagnosis? The diagnosis of NILM is made after a Pap smear of the …
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Suspicious for follicular neoplasm

About this article: This article was created by doctors to help you read and understand your pathology report for “suspicious for follicular neoplasm”. If you have any questions about this article or your pathology report, please contact us. What does suspicious for follicular neoplasm mean? Suspicious for follicular neoplasm is a term pathologists use to …
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How to read your Pap test report

What is a Pap test? The Pap test is a screening test that looks for abnormal cells in the vaginal portion of the uterine cervix. It is called a screening test because it is designed to detect disease before a person experiences any symptoms. The test was named after Dr. Georgios Papanicolaou who invented the …
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