Mismatch repair proteins (MMR)

What are mismatch repair proteins? Mismatch repair proteins (MMR) are a system inside all normal, healthy cells for fixing mistakes in our genetic material (DNA). The system is made up of different proteins and the four most common are called MSH2, MSH6, MLH1, and PMS2. The four MMR proteins MSH2, MSH6, MLH1, and PMS2 work …
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Adenocarcinoma of the stomach (invasive adenocarcinoma)

What is adenocarcinoma of the stomach? Adenocarcinoma (also called invasive adenocarcinoma) is the most common type of stomach cancer. The tumour starts from the cells that line the inside of the stomach. In many cases, adenocarcinoma starts from a pre-cancerous condition called intestinal metaplasia. Intestinal metaplasia occurs when the tissue that lines the inside of …
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Endometrioid carcinoma of the ovary

What is endometrioid carcinoma of the ovary? Endometrioid carcinoma is a type of ovarian cancer. Most endometrioid carcinomas are associated with a condition called endometriosis. Endometriosis is the presence of endometrial tissue (which is normally found in the uterus) outside of the uterus and the ovary is a common location to find endometriosis. About 1% …
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