Cervix -

Endocervical polyp

This article was last reviewed and updated on March 6, 2019
by Emily Goebel, MD FRCPC

Quick facts:

  • An endocervical polyp is a non-cancerous growth that grows on the cervix.

  • Endocervical polyps are very common and they can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding.

The normal cervix
The cervix is part of the female genital tract. It is found at the bottom of the uterus where it forms an opening and a canal into the endometrial cavity of the uterus.

 

The outer surface of the cervix is lined by two types of cells that form a barrier called the epithelium. The first part of the cervix (the part closer to the vagina) is lined by squamous cells. The second part of the cervix is called the endocervical canal and it is lined by rectangular shaped cells which connect together to make small structures called glands.

 

The tissue below the epithelium is called the stroma and is made up of connective tissue and blood vessels. 

What is an endocervical polyp?

An endocervical polyp is a non-cancerous growth made up of endocervical glands and stroma. This type of growth is called a polyp because it sticks out from the inner surface of the endocervical canal.

Sometimes your pathologist will see both endocervical glands and endometrial glands (the type that are normally found inside the uterus) when examining your tissue under the microscope. When both types of glands are seen, the polyp is called a mixed endocervical and endometrial polyp. This type of polyp is also non-cancerous (benign).

Endocervical polyps are common and are often been seen by your physician at the time of cervical examination during a pap test.  Endocervical polyps can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding, including after intercourse, postmenopausal bleeding, or vaginal discharge, but many patients with endocervical polyps experience no symptoms at all. 

How do pathologists make this diagnosis?

The diagnosis of endocervical polyp is made when a sample of tissue is removed and sent to a pathologist for examination under the microscope. The glands in an endocervical polyp are larger than the glands in normal cervical tissue and the blood vessels have thicker walls.  

 

All endocervical polyps are closely examined for other common conditions that can develop in the cervix including:

 

If your pathologist sees any of these conditions in your tissue sample, they will be listed in your pathology report.
 

  • Facebook
  • Twitter

Copyright 2017 MyPathologyReport.ca

For more information about this site, contact us at info@mypathologyreport.ca.

Disclaimer: The articles on MyPathologyReport are intended for general informational purposes only and they do not address individual circumstances. The articles on this site are not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the MyPathologyReport site. The articles on MyPathologyReport.ca are intended for use within Canada by residents of Canada only.

Droits d'auteur 2017 MyPathologyReport.ca
Pour plus d'informations sur ce site, contactez-nous à info@mypathologyreport.ca.
Clause de non-responsabilité: Les articles sur MyPathologyReport ne sont destinés qu’à des fins d'information et ne tiennent pas compte des circonstances individuelles. Les articles sur ce site ne remplacent pas les avis médicaux professionnels, diagnostics ou traitements et ne doivent pas être pris en compte pour la prise de décisions concernant votre santé. Ne négligez jamais les conseils d'un professionnel de la santé à cause de quelque chose que vous avez lu sur le site de MyPathologyReport. Les articles sur MyPathologyReport.ca sont destinés à être utilisés au Canada, par les résidents du Canada uniquement.