Cervix


January 23, 2023


What is the cervix?

The cervix is part of the female genital tract. It is found at the bottom of the uterus where it forms an opening and a canal into the endometrial cavity of the uterus. The outer surface of the cervix is lined by two types of cells that form a barrier called the epithelium. The first part of the cervix is called the exocervix and it is lined by squamous cells. The second part of the cervix is called the endocervical canal and it is lined by rectangular-shaped cells which connect together to make small structures called glands. The tissue below the epithelium is called the stroma and is made up of connective tissue and blood vessels.

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