by Trevor A. Flood, MD FRCPC
September 30, 2022

What is the prostate?

The prostate is a small organ that is found only in men.  The prostate is normally the size and shape of a walnut.  It is located at the bottom of the bladder and sits between the pubic bone (i.e the front part of the hip) and the rectum.  The prostate also wraps around the urethra. The urethra is the tube that conducts urine from the bladder and semen from the ejaculatory ducts to the exterior of the body.

What does the prostate do?

The prostate releases a fluid that helps feed and move sperm that comes from the testicles. This fluid is made in by a complex network of small structures called glands and is then transported out of the prostate through channels called ducts.

What is the most common type of prostate cancer?

The most common type of prostate cancer is called adenocarcinoma.

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