kidney

Kidneys

What are the kidneys? The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located near the back of your body just below the rib cage on both the left and the right sides. The kidneys are composed of a complex network of millions of microscopic tubules.  These tubules act to filter your blood by removing waste products and …
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Papillary renal cell carcinoma

What is papillary renal cell carcinoma? Papillary renal cell carcinoma is a type of kidney cancer. The tumour develops from the very small tubules in the kidney. Papillary renal cell carcinoma is the second most common type of kidney cancer in adults. What causes papillary renal cell carcinoma? Most cases of papillary renal cell carcinoma …
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Clear cell renal cell carcinoma

What is clear cell renal cell carcinoma? Clear cell renal cell carcinoma is a type of kidney cancer. The tumour develops from the very small tubules in the kidney. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults. What syndromes are associated with clear cell renal cell carcinoma? Most …
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Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma

What is chromophobe renal cell carcinoma? Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma is a type of kidney cancer. The tumour develops from the very small tubules in the kidney. Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma is the third most common type of kidney cancer in adults. These tumours generally have an excellent prognosis except when sarcomatoid or rhabdoid cells …
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Fuhrman grade

What does Fuhrman grade mean? The Fuhrman grade is a system used for grading certain types of kidney cancer including clear cell renal cell carcinoma and papillary renal cell carcinoma. How do pathologists determine the grade? The Fuhrman nuclear grade is based on microscopic features of the tumour cells including the size and shape of …
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