Pathology dictionary -

Inflammation

Inflammation is the body’s natural defense against injury or disease.  The body also uses inflammation to repair tissue after an injury has taken place. The special cells that take part in inflammation are called inflammatory cells and they are part of the body's immune system.

 

Inflammation is divided into two stages. The first stage is called acute inflammation. This stage starts shortly after the injury has occurred and usually only lasts for a couple days. However, acute inflammation can continue for a longer period of time if the reason for the injury or disease persists. For example, acute inflammation caused by an infection can continue as long as the micro-organism causing the infection is still in the body.

 

The second stage is called chronic inflammation. Not all injuries or diseases will cause chronic inflammation. When chronic inflammation does occur, it usually starts just as the acute inflammatory stage is ending. Chronic inflammation can last for days or weeks depending on the injury or disease.

 

While inflammation helps the body fight off disease and repair after an injury, the inflammatory response can also cause damage to nearby cells. Pathologists often describe cells damaged by the inflammatory process as showing reactive change.

Diseases caused by inflammation

Some diseases are caused inflammation that continues for a long period of time. The inflammatory cells damage normal cells and tissue and this prevents the organ from functioning properly.

Examples include:

  • Crohns disease.

  • Ulcerative colitis.

  • Celiac disease.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Facebook
  • Twitter

Copyright 2017 MyPathologyReport.ca

For more information about this site, contact us at info@mypathologyreport.ca.

Disclaimer: The articles on MyPathologyReport are intended for general informational purposes only and they do not address individual circumstances. The articles on this site are not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the MyPathologyReport site. The articles on MyPathologyReport.ca are intended for use within Canada by residents of Canada only.

Droits d'auteur 2017 MyPathologyReport.ca
Pour plus d'informations sur ce site, contactez-nous à info@mypathologyreport.ca.
Clause de non-responsabilité: Les articles sur MyPathologyReport ne sont destinés qu’à des fins d'information et ne tiennent pas compte des circonstances individuelles. Les articles sur ce site ne remplacent pas les avis médicaux professionnels, diagnostics ou traitements et ne doivent pas être pris en compte pour la prise de décisions concernant votre santé. Ne négligez jamais les conseils d'un professionnel de la santé à cause de quelque chose que vous avez lu sur le site de MyPathologyReport. Les articles sur MyPathologyReport.ca sont destinés à être utilisés au Canada, par les résidents du Canada uniquement.