endometrium

Uterus

What is the uterus? The uterus is a pear-shaped hollow organ found in the female pelvis between the rectum (the end of the large bowel) and the urinary bladder. The upper part of the uterus (fundus) is attached to the fallopian tubes while the lower part is connected to the vagina through the uterine cervix. The walls …
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Endometrium

What is the endometrium? The tissue that covers the inside surface of the uterus is called the endometrium. The purpose of the endometrium is to provide support for a fertilized egg to develop and grow. The surface of the endometrium is lined by epithelial cells that connect together to form glands. The tissue in between …
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Fibroid of the uterus

What is a fibroid? A fibroid is a non-cancerous tumour that is made out of a specialized type of tissue called smooth muscle. The tumour develops from a layer of tissue called the myometrium in the wall of the uterus. Fibroids are very common tumours and they usually occur in women between 20 and 50 …
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Leiomyoma of the uterus

What is a leiomyoma of the uterus? A leiomyoma is a non-cancerous tumour that starts in the wall of the uterus. The tumour is made up of specialized smooth muscle cells that are normally found in a part of the uterus called the myometrium. Leiomyomas are very common tumours and they usually occur in women …
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Atypical endometrial hyperplasia

What is atypical endometrial hyperplasia? Atypical endometrial hyperplasia is a precancerous condition associated with an abnormally thick endometrium. It is considered a precancerous condition because over time it can turn into a type of endometrial cancer called endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Another name for this condition is endometrioid intraepithelial neoplasia. Is atypical endometrial hyperplasia cancer? No. Atypical …
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Secretory endometrium

What does secretory endometrium mean? Secretory endometrium is a term pathologists use to describe the changes seen in the endometrium during the second half of the menstrual cycle. It is a normal finding in women of reproductive age. Is secretory endometrium normal? Yes. Secretory endometrium is a normal finding in women of reproductive age. What …
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Endometrial polyp

What is an endometrial polyp? An endometrial polyp is a non-cancerous growth found on the inside of the uterus. The polyp sticks out from the thin layer of tissue on the inside uterus called the endometrium. The polyp is made up of an increased number of otherwise normal-appearing endometrial glands and stroma. What causes an …
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Atrophic endometrium

What does atrophic endometrium mean? Atrophic endometrium is a term used to describe endometrial tissue that is smaller and less active than normal endometrial tissue. It is a non-cancerous change and is very common in post-menopausal women. This change results from a process called atrophy. How do pathologists make the diagnosis of atrophic endometrium? The …
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Atypical glandular cells

What does the result atypical glandular cells mean? Atypical glandular cells means that abnormal-looking cells were seen on your Pap test. This result is preliminary and not a final diagnosis. The abnormal cells may have come from the tissue lining the inside of the endometrium or the cervix. Conditions associated with this result include cancer, …
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