pathology

Amorphous

In pathology, the term “amorphous” describes the appearance of material or tissue that lacks a defined shape or structure when viewed under a microscope. This term is used to characterize substances or cellular debris that do not have a recognizable cellular or tissue architecture, appearing as shapeless, unstructured masses. Amorphous material can be found in …
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Neuroendocrine differentiation

In pathology, the term neuroendocrine differentiation refers to the presence of cells that show characteristics of both nerve cells (neurons) and hormone-producing (endocrine) cells. This means that the cells have features allowing them to produce, store, and release hormones, similar to how certain cells in the body’s nervous and endocrine systems operate. This trait can …
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Blastoid

In pathology, the term “blastoid” refers to cells that have features resembling immature precursor cells, known as blasts, which are typically found in the bone marrow. These cells are generally considered abnormal and can be indicative of aggressive and rapidly proliferating diseases, often seen in certain types of cancers. Microscopic features of blastoid cells Blastoid …
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Blasts

In pathology, the term “blasts” refers to immature cells that are in the early stages of development into mature cells. These cells are typically found in the bone marrow, where they are part of the normal process of blood cell formation, known as hematopoiesis. Blasts can develop into various types of blood cells, such as …
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Cribriform morular thyroid carcinoma

Cribriform morular thyroid carcinoma (CMTC) is a rare type of thyroid gland cancer. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck that produces hormones important for metabolism. Cribriform morular thyroid carcinoma is unique due to its specific appearance under the microscope and its association with certain genetic conditions. What are the symptoms of cribriform …
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Malignant transformation

In pathology, the term malignant transformation describes the development of a malignant (cancerous) tumour from a benign (noncancerous) tumour or a precancerous disease. Malignant transformation is important because the cells in the malignant tumour can grow into nearby tissues and metastasize (spread) to distant organs such as lymph nodes and the lungs. Common conditions that …
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Dyskeratotic cells

Dyskeratotic cells are squamous cells that have undergone premature or abnormal keratinization, a process by which cells produce and accumulate a protein called keratin. Under microscopic examination, these cells are smaller and pinker than normal squamous cells. Dyskeratotic cells can be seen in a variety of precancerous, cancerous, infectious, and inflammatory conditions. What conditions are …
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Pathologist

A pathologist is a specialist medical doctor who examines tissues, cells, organs, and bodily fluids to diagnose diseases, determine the nature of illnesses, and provide information that is crucial for treatment decisions. Types of pathologists include anatomical pathologists, hematopathologists, neuropathologists, cytopathologists, and forensic pathologists. Pathologists often work in hospitals, laboratories, or academic institutions. Their findings …
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Fibroblasts

Fibroblasts are a type of cell normally found in connective tissue. They play an important role in maintaining the structural framework of tissues and organs in the body. They are one the most common types of cells found in connective tissue and are primarily involved in producing and secreting the extracellular matrix, which provides structural …
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Glandular cells

Glandular cells are specialized epithelial cells that form the functional units of most internal organs. They are involved in the production and secretion of substances that aid in the normal activity of the organ. These substances may include enzymes, hormones, mucus, or other products that are released into ducts, surfaces, or the bloodstream for various …
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