Lymphoepithelial carcinoma

What is lymphoepithelial carcinoma? Lymphoepithelial carcinoma is a type of cancer made up of large tumour cells surrounded by non-cancerous immune cells. This type of cancer is more common in young adults of Asian descent. Where does lymphoepithelial carcinoma get its name? This type of cancer is called lymphoepithelial carcinoma because when examined under the …
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Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNAs (EBER)

What are Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNAs (EBER)? Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNAs (ribonucleic acids) (EBER) are small pieces of genetic material made by human cells that have been infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Pathologists use a special test called in situ hybridization to look for EBER inside cells. Cells that produce EBER are labeled positive or …
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Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

What is the Epstein-Barr virus? Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a member of a large group of viruses called herpesviruses. Another name for EBV is human herpesvirus 4 (HHV4). EBV is found all over the world and infection is common. How is Epstein-Barr virus spread? EBV is spread between people through body fluids, typically saliva. What …
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Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

What is nasopharyngeal carcinoma? Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a type of cancer that starts from an area at the back of the nose and throat called the nasopharynx. Subtypes of nasopharyngeal carcinoma include non-keratinizing, keratinizing, and basaloid. What causes nasopharyngeal carcinoma? Most cases of non-keratinizing type and basaloid type nasopharyngeal carcinoma are caused by a virus …
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