Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. It is characterized by the rapid production of abnormal white blood cells (WBCs), which are not fully developed and do not function properly. These abnormal cells can accumulate in the blood and …
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T-lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and T-lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL)

T-lymphoblastic leukemia (also known as T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia or T-ALL) and T-lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) are cancers made up of immature T cells called lymphoblasts. These cancer are primarily seen in teens and children but can occur in adults about 25% of the time. What is the difference between T-lymphoblastic leukemia and T-lymphoblastic lymphoma? T-ALL …
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Myelodysplastic syndromes

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of diseases where new blood cells produced in the bone marrow are abnormal and do not function properly. MDS increases the risk of developing acute myeloid leukemia, a type of blood cancer. What cells are normally found in the blood? Normal blood is made up of many different kinds …
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Flow cytometry

In pathology, “flow” often refers to flow cytometry, a laboratory test used for analyzing the physical and chemical characteristics of bodily fluids and tissues such as blood and bone marrow. This test allows for the simultaneous analysis of multiple physical and/or chemical characteristics of single cells flowing through an optical and/or electronic detection apparatus. This …
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