pap test

Chronic cervicitis

Chronic cervicitis means prolonged inflammation cervix, specifically in the transformation zone between the ectocervix and the endocervix. It is a very common condition that may affect up to half of all women at some time during their adult life. What are the symptoms of chronic cervicitis? Most women with chronic cervicitis do not experience any …
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Pap test

A Pap test, also known as a Pap smear, is a screening procedure used to detect precancerous and cancerous conditions in the cervix and anal canal. The test involves collecting a sample of cells from the cervix or anal canal. The cells are then examined under a microscope by a pathologist with the results provided …
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Negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM)

What does the term negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) mean? Negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) means that no pre-cancerous or cancerous cells were seen in your Pap smear. It is a normal result. How do pathologists make this diagnosis? The diagnosis of NILM is made after a Pap smear of the …
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ASC-H on a Pap smear of the cervix

What does ASC-H mean? ASC-H stands for atypical squamous cells, cannot rule out HSIL. It means that abnormal squamous cells were seen in your Pap smear.  These abnormal cells raise the possibility that a more serious pre-cancerous disease called high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) may be present in your cervix. What causes ASC-H? Causes of …
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Squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), also called invasive squamous cell carcinoma, is the most common type of cervical cancer. The tumour starts from squamous cells normally found in the epithelium on the outside surface of the cervix. SCC of the cervix can be keratinizing (KSCC), non-keratinizing (NKSCC), or basaloid. Keratinizing means that the tumour cells are …
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Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion of the cervix

Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) of the cervix is an abnormal growth caused by infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). The virus infects squamous cells found in a part of the cervix called the transformation zone. Over time the infected cells develop genetic changes that lead to LSIL. The abnormal growth seen in LSIL is …
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Atypical glandular cells on a Pap smear of the cervix

What does the result atypical glandular cells on a Pap smear of the cervix mean? Atypical glandular cells means that abnormal-looking cells were seen on your Pap smear. The abnormal cells may have come from the tissue lining the inside of the endometrium or the cervix. Conditions associated with this result include cancer, infection, inflammation, …
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How to read your Pap test report

What is a Pap test? The Pap test is a screening test that looks for abnormal cells in the vaginal portion of the uterine cervix. It is called a screening test because it is designed to detect disease before a person experiences any symptoms. The test was named after Dr. Georgios Papanicolaou who invented the …
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