November 28, 2023
Carcinoma is a type of cancer that starts from epithelial cells, specialized cells that cover the outside and inside surfaces of an organ. This type of cancer can start in any location where epithelial cells are normally found including the skin, breast, lungs, oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, colon, prostate, bladder, ovary, uterus, and cervix. As a group, carcinomas are the most common type of human cancer.
The cause of a tumour diagnosed as a carcinoma depends on many factors including the carcinoma subtype and the location of the tumour. For example, most carcinomas in the lungs are caused by smoking while most carcinomas in the cervix are commonly caused by infection with human papillomavirus (HPV).
Doctors wrote this article to assist you in reading and comprehending your pathology report. Feel free to reach out to us with any questions about this article or your pathology report. To get a comprehensive introduction to your pathology report, read this article.