bone tumour

Ewing sarcoma

What is Ewing sarcoma? Ewing sarcoma is a type of cancer. It is part of a category of diseases called Ewing family of tumours (EFTs) which also includes peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumour (PNET). Ewing sarcoma typically occurs in teenagers and young adults. The tumour can start in a bone or in the deep soft tissue such …
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Osteochondroma

What is an osteochondroma? Osteochondroma is the most common non-cancerous type of bone tumour. The name is made up of three parts that come from Greek words – “osteo-“meaning bone, “chondro-” meaning cartilage, and “-oma” which describes an abnormal growth. As the name suggests, the tumour is made up of both bone and cartilage. Osteochondromas …
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Enchondroma

What is an enchondroma? An enchondroma is a common non-cancerous tumour made up of cartilage. Enchondromas are usually found in the bones of the hands or feet, but they may occur in almost any bone in the body. They usually affect young and middle-aged adults. In most cases, enchondromas do not cause symptoms and are …
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Osteoblastoma

What is an osteoblastoma? An osteoblastoma is a rare non-cancerous bone type of bone tumour. These tumours usually range in size from about 2 to 5 cm but they can be much larger, up to 20 cm. They are most frequently found in the bones of the legs, feet, and spine, but other locations are …
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Osteoid osteoma

What is an osteoid osteoma? An osteoid osteoma is a common type of non-cancerous bone tumour. These tumours are usually small (less than 2 cm) and are most frequently found in the bones of the legs, arms, spine, hands, and feet. They generally occur in children and young adults but can occasionally occur in older …
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Giant cell tumour of bone

What is a giant cell tumour of bone? Giant cell tumour of bone is a common type of bone tumour. It can start in almost any bone in the body. Although most giant cell tumours of bone are non-cancerous, they are aggressive at their site and can lead to a fracture or break of the …
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Chondrosarcoma

What is chondrosarcoma? Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer made up of cartilage. Chondrosarcomas can start within a bone or any other part of the body where cartilage is normally found such as the nose or ears. The most common locations for chondrosarcoma are the spine and pelvis. It typically affects older adults and is …
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Osteosarcoma

What is osteosarcoma? Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer and the most common type of sarcoma to develop in a bone. Osteosarcomas more commonly affect teenagers but it can also affect adults. The most common site for osteosarcoma is the long bone of the thigh. Pathologists divide osteosarcomas into histologic types based on how …
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