bone tumour

Chondroblastic osteosarcoma

What is chondroblastic osteosarcoma? Chondroblastic osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer. This type of cancer can start in any bone in the body, however, most are found in the long bones of the arms and legs. The jaws are also commonly involved. This type of cancer affects both children and older adults. What does …
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Conventional chondrosarcoma

What is conventional chondrosarcoma? Conventional chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer made up of cartilage. This kind of tumour can start within a bone or any other part of the body where cartilage is normally found. The most common locations for this tumour are the spine and pelvis. Non-bone sites of origin include the larynx. …
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Central atypical cartilaginous tumour

What is a central atypical cartilaginous tumour? A central atypical cartilaginous tumour (ACT) is a type of bone cancer. The tumour is called “cartilaginous” because it is made up of cartilage-producing cells. Cartilage is a type of connective tissue normally found throughout the body. These tumours start on the inside of a bone in a …
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Ewing sarcoma

What is Ewing sarcoma? Ewing sarcoma is a type of cancer. It is part of a category of diseases called Ewing family of tumours (EFTs) which also includes peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumour (PNET). Ewing sarcoma typically occurs in teenagers and young adults. The tumour can start in a bone or in the deep soft tissue such …
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Osteochondroma

What is an osteochondroma? Osteochondroma is the most common non-cancerous type of bone tumour. The name is made up of three parts that come from Greek words – “osteo-“meaning bone, “chondro-” meaning cartilage, and “-oma” which describes an abnormal growth. As the name suggests, the tumour is made up of both bone and cartilage. Osteochondromas …
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Enchondroma

What is an enchondroma? An enchondroma is a common non-cancerous type of bone tumour made up of cartilage. Is an enchondroma a benign tumour? Yes. All enchondromas are benign (non-cancerous) tumours. Can an enchondroma turn into cancer over time? Although very rare, a small percentage (less than 1%) of all enchondromas can turn into a …
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Osteoblastoma

What is an osteoblastoma? An osteoblastoma is a rare non-cancerous bone type of bone tumour. These tumours usually range in size from about 2 to 5 cm but they can be much larger, up to 20 cm. They are most frequently found in the bones of the legs, feet, and spine, but other locations are …
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Osteoid osteoma

What is an osteoid osteoma? An osteoid osteoma is a common type of non-cancerous bone tumour. These tumours are usually small (less than 2 cm) and are most frequently found in the bones of the legs, arms, spine, hands, and feet. They generally occur in children and young adults but can occasionally occur in older …
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Giant cell tumour of bone

What is a giant cell tumour of bone? Giant cell tumour of bone is a common type of bone tumour. It can start in almost any bone in the body. Although most giant cell tumours of bone are non-cancerous, they are aggressive at their site and can lead to a fracture or break of the …
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Chondrosarcoma

What is chondrosarcoma? Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer made up of cartilage. This kind of tumour can start within a bone or any other part of the body where cartilage is normally found. The most common locations for this tumour are the spine and pelvis. Non-bone sites of origin include the larynx. Chondrosarcoma typically …
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